DVD: A Force More Powerful
In 1985 a young South African named Mkhuseli Jack led a movement agaunbst the legalized discrimination known as apatheid. Their campaign of nonviolent mass action, most notably a devastating consumer boycott in the Eastern Cape province, awakened whites to black grievances and fatally weakened business support for apartheid.
In April 1940, German military forces invaded Denmark. Danish leaders adopted a strategy of "resistance disguised as collaboration" -- undermining German objectives by negotiating, delaying and obstructing Nazi demands. Underground rsistance organized sabotage and strikes, and rescued all but a handful of Denmark's 7,000 Jews.
In 1980, striking workers in Poland demanded independent unions. Using their leverage to negotiate unprecedented rights in a system where there was no power seperate from the communist party, they created a union, Solidarity. Driven underground by a government crackdown in 1981, Solidarity re-emerged in 1989 as Poland's governing political party.
In 1983, Chilean workers initiated a wave of nonviolent protests against the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, who had taken power in a bloody coup d'etat on September 11, 1973, when the democratically-elected President Salvatore Allende was killed and the Presidential Palace was bombed in a plot in which the U.S. C.I.A. was complicit [see film: "Missing" listed above]. Severe repression failed to stop the protests, and violent opposition failed to dislodge the dictatorship -- until the democratic opposition organized to defeat Pinochet in a 1988 referendum.
Reviewing a century often called the most violent in human history, this series is the story of millions who chose to battle the forces of brutality with nonviolent weapons - and WON.
Originally aired on PBS in 2000. Produced by Steve Zimmerman and Miriam York and WETA Televison, Washington, D.C. Each tape is 87 minutes. Includes a Discussion Guide.
A companion book, "A Force More Powerful" by Jack DuVall (St. Martin's Press) is available seperately. To learn more about nonviolent conflict visit the website: www.aforcemorepowerful.org